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Dump Truck: A Complete Guide to Help You Buy a New Truck

Author: May

Jun. 18, 2024

The practical application of these engineering marvels is equally impressive. Known by various names such as dump trucks, dumping trucks, dump trailers, dumper trailers, dump lorries, or dumper lorries, these vehicles play a crucial role in upholding health and sanitation standards in modern urban environments. Their main function is to collect and transport household trash, ensuring the effective disposal of waste. Additionally, they contribute significantly to industrial operations by moving large quantities of waste material generated from demolition, construction, mining, excavation, and other commercial job sites to central dumps and landfills, thereby keeping industries functioning smoothly.

 

Dump trucks are available in diverse shapes, sizes, and price ranges. It is crucial to understand your specific requirements before committing to a purchase, as this decision can significantly influence the growth and expansion of your business. To assist you in identifying the most suitable dump truck that alignes with your budget and performance expectations, we have organized the relevant information in a concise explainer sheet below:

 

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NKH135 135 tons Methanol Hybrid electric dump truck


1. DUMP TRUCK BODY STYLES

Dump trucks come in three distinct body styles, each tailored for specific applications: traditional rectangle, half-round, and semi-elliptical.

If your priority is maximizing bed space, the traditional rectangular dump truck body is ideal. Renowned for its robustness and stability with heavy loads, this style offers the advantage of a double-wall construction, concealing any potential damage within an outer layer.

For impact resilience, the half-round dump body excels due to its semi-circular design. The absence of supporting cross members not only enhances overall weight efficiency but also allows for a proportional increase in payload capacity. Additionally, the semi-circular shape minimizes the adhesion of sticky materials to the floor, simplifying clean-ups. However, it may not be the optimal choice for transporting goods like pallets or heavy equipment that require a flat, spacious floor.

The semi-elliptical dump truck body, often referred to as a bathtub or tub dump, combines features of both the rectangle and half-round styles. Its floors resemble those of the rectangle, while its haul shape mimics the half-round. Similar to the half-round, the semi-elliptical body lacks crossmembers, enabling it to absorb impact forces evenly throughout the body.

 

2. DUMP TRUCK BODY METALS

When considering dump trucks, the choice between steel and aluminum for the body material plays a crucial role. The decision ultimately hinges on the specific tasks the dump truck will undertake and the characteristics, particularly the weight, of the loads it will carry.

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Steel has been the traditional go-to metal, especially for transporting hard, angular, and abrasive materials like asphalt, concrete, and gravel, as it offers greater resistance to damage.

In terms of upfront costs, steel tends to be more economical. Although aluminum may provide cost savings over time, the initial purchase expense is considerably higher.

However, there is an industry-wide trend towards adopting lighter materials, and the trucking sector is no exception. In recent years, there has been a notable shift away from heavy steel.

Pure aluminum, which is inherently less strong than steel, is strengthened by alloys such as chromium, copper, titanium, and zinc to make it suitable for constructing truck beds.

Annual maintenance costs are lower for aluminum due to its resistance to rust and corrosion. The lighter weight of aluminum bodies translates to increased payload capacity and reduced fuel consumption. Additionally, there are advantages such as better resale value and longer warranties. From an environmental standpoint, aluminum production generates fewer greenhouse gases compared to steel.

 

3. DUMP TRUCK ENGINES

The decision to invest in a electric dump truck is a significant financial commitment. Selecting the right engine is crucial to avoid wasting fuel and time on challenging terrains, potentially causing financial setbacks.

It's prudent to match engine power with the specific job requirements when deciding on a truck engine, which can range from 300 to 600 HP. For lighter payloads and relatively flat roads without steep inclines, lower horsepower may be sufficient.

 

4. DUMP TRUCK TRANSMISSION

Dump trucks typically favor manual transmissions due to the availability of gear options. A low gear enhances maneuverability on unstable terrain, and multiple reverse speeds facilitate backing up over considerable distances.

Automatic transmission, while lacking the nuanced driving options of manual, offers the advantage of reduced exertion and fatigue (and lower accident risks) during long-haul jobs, thanks to the absence of a clutch and gears.

Integrated automated manual transmission is gaining popularity for its comfortable driving experience and optimal fuel consumption, presenting an additional choice for dump truck operators.

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